V Sagittae

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V Sagittae
Sagitta constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of V Sagittae (circled) in Sagitta
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Sagitta
Right ascension 20h 20m 14.691s[1]
Declination +21° 06′ 10.44″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 8.6-13.9[2]
Characteristics
Variable type eclipsing and cataclysmic[2]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: -2.052[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -6.485[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)0.4190 ± 0.0320[1] mas
Distance7,800 ± 600 ly
(2,400 ± 200 pc)
Other designations
AAVSO 1015+20, V Sge, GSC 01643-01764
Database references
SIMBADdata

V Sagittae or V Sge is a cataclysmic variable binary star system in the constellation Sagitta that is expected to go nova and briefly become the most luminous point of light in the Milky Way and the brightest stars in our sky around the year 2083.[3][4] The system is composed of a main sequence star of about 3.3 solar masses and a white dwarf of about 0.9 solar masses; the fact that the white dwarf is less massive than its companion is highly unusual,[3] and V Sge is the only super soft X-ray source nonmagnetic cataclysmic variable found so far.

V Sge has brightened by a factor of 10 over the last century, and based on research reported in 2020, it is expected to continue to brighten and briefly become the brightest star in the night sky sometime around 2083, plus or minus about 11 years.[5] Over the last few months and days the pair will coalesce and go nova, eventually becoming a red giant star.

The stars orbit each other about every 0.514 days, and eclipse each other each orbit. The pair is viewed in the late stages of their spiral in. Their orbital period currently decreases by 4.73 * 10−10 days per cycle, a rate which will accelerate.

Material from the larger star is accreting onto the white dwarf at an exponentially increasing rate, generating a huge stellar wind. The doubling time is about 89 years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/GCVS. Originally Published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1: B/gcvs. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S.
  3. ^ a b "Binary star V Sagittae to explode as very bright nova by century's end". phys.org. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  4. ^ "CNN - Breaking News, Latest News and Videos". m.cnn.com. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  5. ^ "235th AAS Session Meeting Abstracts Table of Contents" (PDF). AAS. 2020-01-02.